Dr. Prateek Benhal: AC Electric Field Induced Dipole-Based On-Chip 3D Cell Rotation

Fri, 01/30/2015

Friday control theory seminar starting at 2pm in K14 room.  Our new postdoctoral researcher - Prateek Benhal, who joined the AA4CC team in the late fall 2014, is going to inform us about his achievements during his previous (doctoral) research at University of Canterbury, New Zealand. 

Abstract: Precise rotation of suspended cells is one of many fundamental manipulations used in a wide range of biotechnological applications such as cell injection and enucleation in nuclear transfer (NT) cloning. Noticeably scarce from the existing rotation techniques is three-dimensional (3D) rotation of cells on a single chip. Here we present an alternating current (ac) induced electric field-based biochip platform which has an open-top sub-mm square chamber enclosed by four sidewall electrodes and two bottom electrodes to achieve rotation about two axes, thus 3D cell rotation for the first time. By applying an ac potential to the four sidewall electrodes, an in-plane (yaw) rotating electric field is generated and in plane rotation is achieved. Similarly, by applying ac potential to two opposite sidewall electrodes and the two bottom electrodes, an out-of-plane (pitch) rotating electric field is generated and rolling rotation is achieved. For prompt proof-of-concept, bottom electrodes were constructed with transparent indium tin oxide (ITO) using the standard lift-off process and the sidewall electrodes were constructed with a low-cost micro-milling process, and then assembled to form the chip. Through experiments, we demonstrate rotation of bovine oocytes of ~120 μm in diameter about two axes, with the capability of controlling the rotation direction and rate for each axis through control of the ac potential amplitude, frequency, and phase shift, and cell medium conductivity. The maximum observed rotation rate reached nearly 140°/s, while a consistent rotation rate reached up to 40°/s. Rotation rate spectra for zona pellucida-intact and zona pellucida-free oocytes were further compared and found to have no effective difference. This simple, transparent, cheap-to-manufacture, and open-top platform, allows further function modules to be integrated to become a more powerful cell manipulation system.