Twin-beam real-time position estimation of micro-objects in 3D
|Title||Twin-beam real-time position estimation of micro-objects in 3D|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Authors||Gurtner, Martin, and Jiří Zemánek|
|Journal||Measurement Science and Technology|
Various optical methods for measuring positions of micro-objects in 3D have been reported in the literature. Nevertheless, the majority of them are not suitable for real-time operation, which is needed, for example, for feedback position control. In this paper, we present a method for real-time estimation of the position of micro-objects in 3D; the method is based on twin-beam illumination and requires only a very simple hardware setup whose essential part is a standard image sensor without any lens. The performance of the proposed method is tested during a micro-manipulation task in which the estimated position served as feedback for the controller. The experiments show that the estimate is accurate to within ~3 μm in the lateral position and ~7 μm in the axial distance with the refresh rate of 10 Hz. Although the experiments are done using spherical objects, the presented method could be modified to handle non-spherical objects as well.